Veterinarians are the best professionals to determine the best puppy vaccination schedule based on an animal’s age, physical condition, and environment, among other factors. Owners should ensure that their pets’ core and non-core vaccinations are up-to-date as effective protection for several contagious diseases, a few of which can be potentially fatal, especially when their pets are exposed outdoors, in public places, and in boarding kennels, among others.
The table below contains information about the latest Puppy vaccination schedule recommendation.
Importance of Adhering to Schedule
Many pet owners will find the repeated visits to the veterinarian’s clinic for vaccines such an inconvenience that the vaccination schedule is not followed. But this shouldn’t be as the minor hassles of multiple visits are outweighed by the major benefits of up-to-date pet vaccinations. Besides, adhering to the schedule is a must for these reasons:
- The intervals between vaccines’ administration are designed to provide the puppy’s body with sufficient time to develop an effective immune response. Each vaccine comes with a mix of specific antigens that encourage the body to produce the antibodies to counter them.
- The vaccines will take anywhere from a few days to a few weeks to become effective, thus, the intervals in their administration.
Keep in mind, too, that until all of the vaccines have been administered, the concerned puppy should ideally stay indoors. The backyard and front yard walks should be the only exposure to the outside world aside from the veterinary visits.
Your veterinarian will decide what vaccines to administer and when these should be given based on your pet’s specific circumstances. Your puppy may not require all of the vaccines stated in this schedule depending on which part of the country you live in, what your lifestyle is, and what other pets are exposed to him, among other factors.
Here is a general guideline that you can use in discussing your puppy’s personalised vaccination schedule with your vet.
- At age 6 to 8 weeks, the recommended vaccines include distemper, measles and parainfluenza with bordetella as an optional vaccine.
- At age 12 to 12 weeks, the puppy should be vaccinated with DHPP, a combination vaccine for distemper, adenovirus, parvovirus, and parainfluenza while the optional vaccines include bordetella, coronavirus, leptospirosis, and Lyme disease.
- At 12 to 24 weeks, the first rabies injection is administered.
- At 14 to 16 weeks, a booster DHPP shot is given with optional booster shots for coronavirus, Lyme disease, and leptospirosis
- At 12 to 16 months, booster shots for rabies and DHPP are a must while booster shots for bordetella, coronavirus, leptospirosis, and Lyme disease are optional.
Once every 1 to 2 years, a booster shot for DHPP is a must while optional shots for the abovementioned 4 diseases can also be given. A booster rabies vaccine can be administered once every 1 to 3 years.